Writing is a process that is made up of several different elements: Invention (Pre-Writing), Organization, Writing, Revising, and Editing. However, these different elements overlap with one another; they arenít separate stages. Successful writers are constantly going through these different elements. In other words, the student who is proficient at college level writing is aware of what makes up the writing process. Skillful writers continually remind themselves of this process, and they constantly monitor their writing, re-engaging themselves with their work.
this phase consists of generating your essay topic(s), generating specific
details for your essay, organizing your essay, determining the purpose of your
writing and who your audience is. Activities
such as brainstorming, clustering, and freewriting will help you with this
after inventing some ideas for your paper, it is usually a good idea to pare
down your pre-writing to the essentials of what you need for an essay. Having too much information in an essay can be as detrimental
as not having enough. Also, you
need to find a method of organization for your essay, a game plan to execute, a
backbone with which you will flesh out all of your details.
Hence, an outline or other sort of organization becomes crucial to
developing a cohesive essay.
Drafting: once you have
done some pre-writing (the amount of time that you spend on pre-writing depends
on your own writing style as well as the topic), and some organization to get
rid of unnecessary information, begin the actual writing of the essay.
Revising: during and
after your writing, you should check to see what needs to be added, deleted, or
rearranged. You also need to check
your organization, focus, and purpose. Good
writers do this continually during the writing phase.
Editing: check your
essayís grammar, syntax, word choice, etc.
Editing consists of checking your mechanics, not your content.
The goal of these steps is not to provide you with a formulaic method of approaching writing; rather, these steps should serve as a general guideline for how to begin generating good text. Ultimately, it is only through time and patience that proficient writers come upon the process of writing that works best for them.
Top of Page
Return to Materials