Relationships between Sentences in a Paragraph


1  Why are low-calorie diets dangerous?


2  Basically, they prevent us from getting all the nutrients we need.


3  When we reduce our intake of food, we also cut back on essential vitamins and minerals needed to stay healthy.


4  One recent survey of a dozen popular diets found all of them deficient in the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowances for thirteen vitamins and minerals.


3  Even though vitamin supplements may correct some nutritional deficiencies, dieters may not notice that they are also getting less fiber and water than they were before.




1  The process of learning is essential to our lives.


2  All higher animals seek it deliberately.


3  They are inquisitive and they experiment.


4  An experiment is a sort of harmless trial run of some action which we shall have to make in the real world, whether it is made in the laboratory by scientists or by fox-cubs outside their earth den.


5  The scientist experiments and the cub plays; both are learning to correct their errors of judgment in a setting in which errors are not fatal.


6  Perhaps this is what gives them both their air of happiness and freedom in these activities.




2  If the wind becomes gusty suddenly after being calm, you may need to start looking for shelter.


2  If you see clouds becoming darker, you may need shelter right away.


2  Naturally, you know that thunder and lightning mean a storm is coming.


3  Keep in mind that bright lightning doesn’t mean a storm is coming.


3  The number of lightning flashes is important, though.


4  The more lightning flashes, the worse the storm is likely to be.


1  The signs of a thunderstorm are many, and being able to understand them can be important.

      2  Dark green, leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach are good sources of vitamin C and             iron.


2  Carrots, squash, and sweet potatoes are good sources of carotene, which the body changes to vitamin A.


1  All vegetables are good for us because they provide important vitamins and minerals that build cells and keep us healthy.


2  Vitamin C, for example, builds strong teeth and helps us resist infections.


2  Vitamin A keeps skin healthy and protects our eyes.


2        Iron, also an important part of vegetables, builds red blood cells.


Cohesive Paragraphs:  Indicate the proper order of the sentences by placing a number in the space provided.


___It is applied with equal honor to a painter, tailor, barber, printer, carpenter, mechanic, bricklayer, window washer, ditch digger, or bootblack if his ability merits it.

___Whether he is or not is of no importance.

___If he is a shoemaker, for example, he can design, cut, and finish any kind of shoe he is asked for.

___That is a maestro.

___Calling him a maestro hurts no one.

___Whenever a man is referred to as a maestro, it means that he is master of whatever trade, art, or folly he practices. 

___If he is a thief, he steals thousands, for he would not damn his soul by taking dimes.

___Of course, when a man is graying and has no apparent trade or usefulness, out of courtesy people may forget he is a loafer and call him a maestro. 

___If he is a musician, he knows composition, direction, execution, and thereby plays Viennese waltzes as well as the bolero. 

Thesis Statements/Main Points


Paragraphs should be unified around a main point.  The point should be clear to the reader, and all the sentences in the paragraph must relate to it.  In the following exercises, learn how a main point functions within a paragraph and how details and examples provide support for that main point.


#1:  Choose three sentences from the following examples and write three separate paragraphs that use the sentences as main points.  Use specific details and examples to develop the topic.


1.  Although we are all members of many different groups (families, sports teams, schools, clubs), few of us can work effectively in a group.


2.  The imagination has three great functions:  (1) to originate, (2) to re-create; and (3) to relate diverse elements of life to each other


3.  Every day, each of us encounters customs, actions, beliefs, or values that seem different from our own.


4.  With its famous forecourt filled with footprints of stars preserved forever in cement, Mann’s Chinese Theatre is the largest tourist attraction on Hollywood Boulevard.


5.  A growing body of people are concerned with the rising number of hate crimes occurring on college campuses today.


6.  The 1960s and ‘70s marked a dramatic change in laws governing the commitment of the non-criminal mentally ill.


7.  Ours is certainly an audiovisual society. 


8.  Studies show that people who write well and speak well have wider choices in the job market and greater chances for promotion and salary increases.


9.  Often in discussions, words fly around, but no one listens very closely or remembers exactly what is said. 


10.  You may, at times, feel cut off from national, local, or private events, powerless to change or influence the actions and thoughts of others. 



#2:  Construct ten “thesis” statements, or sentences, based upon the topic list we generated in class.  Be sure to make the sentences specific and stay away from generalities. 


#3:  Now, choose your three strongest sentences and write three separate paragraphs that use your sentences as the main points and that provide details, evidence, and examples to support them.


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